Welcome to PJ Library’s “Havdalah Hub,” where you will find everything you need to make your own havdalah.
Each Friday evening families around the world bring in Shabbat with favourite foods, company for dinner, and blessings over candles, wine or grape juice, and challah.
Havdalah, or “separation” in Hebrew, is Shabbat’s closing ritual, when three stars appear on Saturday evening. In a simple multi-sensory ceremony, with blessings over lights, wine or grape juice, and spices, Havdalah is an inspiring way to end Shabbat and start the new week as a family.
illustration from Lights Out Shabbat by Sarene Shulimson
However your family chooses to make Shabbat special, Havdalah marks a transition back into “everyday time.” Havdalah is the shuttle flight, sweet-and-a-little-sad, that lets you down on the other side.
Per ritual minute, Havdalah is probably the most beautiful – and most distilled – of all Jewish traditions. No meal, no prayer service. A few minutes of spirit served straight up.
For young kids havdalah is a memorable send-off to bed, with flames and spices still dancing in their heads. But for parents it’s something else: a lovely mini-ritual that often gives a quick injection of energy with which to start the week.
With light, fragrance, a sweet sip, and a shout-out to Elijah the Prophet, the upshot of havdalah is that we begin a new week believing in the best possible future – a good way to start the week.
For an overview try “Havdalah: Taking Leave of Shabbat” by Rabbi Susan Silverman, author of Casting Lots.
Set up is easy. You need:
A cup of grape juice or wine (a kiddush cup is customary, but any cup will do)
Pleasant-smelling spices (in a jar, from the garden, in a spicebox – however your family prefers)
A multi-wick candle (a plaited havdalah candle or any two candles with wicks held together)
To create the right mood, it’s nice to lower the lights or turn them off completely, so the flames of the havdalah candle can cast their spell. (Most havdalah candles are drippy, so make sure to put tin foil, newspaper, or a dish underneath.)
Each person has a “job”-- one holds the lit candle, one holds the spices, and another holds the cup of grape juice or wine.
Here are Havdalah Sing-Along Videos. You can learn the blessings over wine, spices, fire, and a final blessing, and end havdalah with the song “Eliyahu Hanavi” (Elijah the Prophet). Elijah is the symbol of human redemption, and reminds us of the world we strive for each new week – a world of peace, compassion, and justice.
The first video (with BBYO) includes the short version of the final blessing, plus guitar chords! The second video (with Moishe House and Bimbam) includes the long version of the final blessing. The third video is the song Eliyahu Hanavi.
BEJEWEL A KIDDUSH CUP
image via Kveller
Celebrate the beauty of Shabbat with this Bejeweled Kiddush Cup craft from Kveller! All you’ll need are a couple of plastic wine glasses, some glue, and a few plastic gems – all of which can be found at a local arts and crafts store. When they’re done, kids will have their own especially-designed cups to hold grape juice during the Havdalah ceremony.
GUESS THE SPICE GAME
A great game to play with family and friends is “Guess the Spice.” All you’ll need are some spices from your pantry. Begin by having someone close their eyes (or blindfold them for extra security). Then, pick a spice at random and instruct them to sniff it. See if they can identify which spice is under their nose!
MAKE A HAVDALAH "PORCUPINE"
Here’s a popular – if unusual-looking – substitute for a spicebox. Take a jar of cloves and an orange, and stud the orange with cloves. (It won’t last forever, but you’ll get some good use out of it.)
MAKE HERB AND SPICE PLAY DOUGH
image via Craftulate
This special play dough introduces children to the spices used in the Havdalah ceremony. The strong scents of those spices – combined with the squishy, malleable quality of play dough – makes playing with this dough a great creative and sensory activity! You can get it ready beforehand, or get your kids involved in making it.
Take a few minutes for a mini-discussion before or after havdalah: “What was special about this Shabbat?” or “What are you looking forward to this week?”
At the end of havdalah, let yourselves go. Dance to such songs as “Shavua Tov (A Good Week),” “Eliyahu Hanavi (Elijah the Prophet),” and others. (See the playlist in the LISTEN section below.)
At the end of havdalah, play a quick game called “Knots,” in which everyone gets “braided” like a havdalah candle and needs to untangle (for 4 people or more):
Stand in a circle.
Everyone stretches their hands to the middle, and finds two hands to hold onto – but not of the person standing next to them.
Without ever letting go, try to “unknot” to form one perfect hand-holding circle. (Hint: Stepping over a pair of arms may be required!)
Start havdalah with a set of traditional verses - “Hinei El Yeshuati” (God Is My Redeemer). Here is the complete text and a video by Kippalive (with some musical surprises).
Or try this Sephardi (Spanish/North African) custom for concluding havdalah:
Parents dip their pinkie in the wine or grape juice and touch their child’s forehead – an act of liquid love to start the new week.
Here’s a traditional Sephardi melody for havdalah – “Lichvod Hemdat Levavi” (For My Heart’s Delight), performed by the group Pharaoh’s Daughter.
PJ Library Books:
Dinosaur on Shabbat by Diane Rauchwerger
Recommended for children 2 to 4 years old
Ever wonder how a dinosaur celebrates Shabbat? Well, wonder no more! But get ready to clean up after him...
Lights Out Shabbat by Sarene Shulimson
Recommended for children 3 to 4 years old
A young boy visiting his grandparents for Shabbat has a wonderful time despite (or maybe, in part, because of) a rare Georgia snowstorm that causes the power to go out.
The Sabbath Lion by Howard Schwartz
Recommended for children 7 to 8 years old
In this Algerian folktale, Yosef is determined to keep the Sabbath -- even though he is in the middle of a dangerous desert journey. But he knows he’ll be all right because he is getting help from a powerful friend.
Shabbat Hiccups by Tracy Newman
Recommended for children 4 to 5 years old
Jonah got the hiccups -- and it’s Shabbat! How can he get his hiccups to quiet down? Everyone has a remedy.
“What I Learned from Celebrating Havdalah with My Family” by author Carla Naumburg
February 12, 2018